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  1. Illinois DNR
  2. Education

For Your Garden - September 2016

Listen to the podcast of this information.

Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases.

FYGSep2016.jpg
white prairie clover (Dalea candida)
Photo © 2016, Joe Bauer, Illinois Department of Natural Resources
 
White prairie clover grows in prairies throughout Illinois. Several stems develop from a single root. Stems may attain a height of up to two feet. Flowers are produced from June through October. Each flower has one large petal and four smaller ones. These small, white flowers are on cylindrical heads at the stem tip. Each flower spike may be up to two inches long. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stem and have five to nine thin leaflets. This species is good for attracting pollinators.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Native Plant Information

For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.