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For Your Garden

Listen to the podcast of this information.
 
Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.
 
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American bellflower Campanulastrum americanum
Photo © 2019, Illinois Department of Natural Resources
 
American bellflower is an annual or biennial herb. Its sap is milky. The erect stem may be branched. Leaves are arranged alternately along the stem. Each simple, lance‐shaped leaf is toothed. A single leaf may be six inches long and two inches wide. The five-petaled, pale‐blue flowers are flat and have a lighter ring at the center. The style (part of the female reproductive structures) is very long and curved. Flowers develop in a cluster on a stalk that may be one and one‐half feet long. The fruit is a club‐shaped capsule, about one‐half inch long, containing flat, brown seeds. American bellflower may attain a height of one and one‐half to six feet and may be found throughout Illinois. It grows in woodlands. Flowers are produced from June through November. White‐tailed deer may eat the leaves of this plant.
 
Continue scrolling down to see the alphabetical listing of previously highlighted species or click here to search species by garden type.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Native Plant Information

 
For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.
 

Alphabetical Listing of Previously Highlighted Species

Click on the species' common name to go to the For Your Garden page.
Common Name
Scientific Name
Campanulastrum americanum
Lithospermum latifolium
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Andropogon gerardii
Viburnum prunifolium
Liatris spp.
Sanguinaria canadensis
Verbena hastata
Mertensia virginica
Collinsia verna
Rudbeckia triloba
Asclepias tuberosa
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Lobelia cardinalis
Rosa carolina
Stylophorum diphyllum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Aquilegia canadensis
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Asclepias syriaca
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Phlox divaricata
Polypodium virginianum
Silphium laciniatum
Baptisia bracteata
Veronicastrum virginicum
Silphium perfoliatum
Actaea pachypoda
Helianthus mollis
Ratibida pinnata
Dicentra cucullaria
Delphinium tricorne
Physostegia virginiana
Enemion biternatum
Smilacina racemosa
Cornus florida
Penstemon digitalis
Zizia aurea
Solidago spp.
Hydrastis canadensis
Lobelia siphilitica
Arisaema dracontium
Corylus americana
Lithospermum canescens
Verbena stricta
​Monarda punctata
Asclepias verticillata
Desmanthus illinoensis
Sorghastrum nutans
Chasmanthium latifolium
Arisaema triphyllum
Polemonium reptans
Trillium grandiflorum
Cypripedium parviflorum
Eupatorium serotinum
Amorpha canescens
Schizachyrium scoparium
Lupinus perennis
Liatris spicata
Caltha palustris
Podophyllum peltatum
Anemone canadensis
Asclepias spp.
Vernonia sp.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Ceanothus americanus
Allium cernuum
​Heliopsis helianthoides
Echinacea pallida
Chamaechrista fasciculata
Diospyros virginiana
Pontederia cordata
Quercus palustris
Asclepias exaltata
Geum triflorum
Liatris pycnostachya
Drymocallis arguta
Coreopsis palmata
Silphium terebinthinaceum
Sporobolus heterolepis
Arnoglossum plantagineum
Asclepias sullivantii
Echinacea purpurea
Eutrochium purpureum
Asclepias purpurascens
Dalea purpurea
Helenuim flexuosum
Trillium recurvatum
Antennaria plantaginifolia
Eryngium yuccifolium
Juniperus virginiana
Cercis canadensis
Betula nigra
Silphium integrifolium
Liatris aspera
Coreopsis lanceolata
Sassafras albidum
Helianthus grosseserratus
Polygala senega
Amelanchier arborea
Hepatica acutiloba
Dodecatheon meadia
Bouteloua curtipendula
Symplocarpus foetidus
Symphyotrichum laeve
Polygonatum commutatum
Lindera benzoin
Tradescantia sp.
Lobelia spicata
Eutrochium maculatum
Impatiens capensis
Cardamine bulbosa
Smilacina stellata
Oligoneuron rigidum
Rhus sp.
Asclepias incarnata
Hibiscus moscheutos
Quercus bicolor
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Panicum virgatum
Dentaria laciniata
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liparis liliifolia
Jeffersonia diphylla
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Euonymus atropurpureus
Nelumbo lutea
Helianthus occidentalis
Dalea candida
Baptisia alba
Monarda fistulosa
Iris shrevei
Geranium maculatum
Asarum canadense
Camassia scilloides
Ruellia humilissia
Parthenium integrifolium
Senna hebecarpa
Uvularia grandiflora
Erythronium americanum
Gentiana alba
Nuphar advena
Helenium autumnale