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For Your Garden

Listen to the podcast of this information.
 
Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.
 
FYGDec2019.JPG
wild senna Senna hebecarpa
Photo © 2019, Illinois Department of Natural Resources
 
A member of the pea family, wild senna grows along streams, in fens and in open woodlands statewide. It has compound leaves with five to 10 pairs of leaflets. The plant may reach six feet in height. Flowers are produced from July through August. The flowers develop in clusters in the leaf axils and are yellow. There is a small gland shaped like a club at the base of each leafstalk. This gland releases nectar that attracts ants, ladybird beetles and flies. Bumble bees and other bees are attracted to the flowers, while several species of butterfly and moth larvae eat the foliage.
 
Continue scrolling down to see the alphabetical listing of previously highlighted species or click here to search species by garden type.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Native Plant Information

 
For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.
 

Alphabetical Listing of Previously Highlighted Species

Click on the species' common name to go to the For Your Garden page.
Common Name
Scientific Name
Heuchera americana
Campanulastrum americanum
Lithospermum latifolium
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Andropogon gerardii
Rudbeckia hirta
Viburnum prunifolium
Liatris spp.
Sanguinaria canadensis
Verbena hastata
Mertensia virginica
Collinsia verna
Rudbeckia triloba
Asclepias tuberosa
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Astragalus canadensis
Lobelia cardinalis
Rosa carolina
Stylophorum diphyllum
Polystichum acrostichoides
Gentiana andrewsii
Aquilegia canadensis
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Asclepias syriaca
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Phlox divaricata
Polypodium virginianum
Silphium laciniatum
Baptisia bracteata
Veronicastrum virginicum
Silphium perfoliatum
Actaea pachypoda
Helianthus mollis
Ratibida pinnata
Dicentra cucullaria
Delphinium tricorne
Physostegia virginiana
Enemion biternatum
Smilacina racemosa
Solidago nemoralis
Doellingeria umbellata
Cornus florida
Penstemon digitalis
Zizia aurea
Solidago spp.
Hydrastis canadensis
Lobelia siphilitica
Arisaema dracontium
Corylus americana
Lithospermum canescens
Verbena stricta
​Monarda punctata
Asclepias verticillata
Desmanthus illinoensis
Sorghastrum nutans
Chasmanthium latifolium
Arisaema triphyllum
Polemonium reptans
Trillium grandiflorum
Cypripedium parviflorum
Eupatorium serotinum
Amorpha canescens
Schizachyrium scoparium
Lupinus perennis
Liatris spicata
Caltha palustris
Podophyllum peltatum
Anemone canadensis
Asclepias spp.
Vernonia sp.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Ceanothus americanus
Allium cernuum
Elymus canadensis
​Heliopsis helianthoides
Echinacea pallida
Chamaechrista fasciculata
Diospyros virginiana
Pontederia cordata
Quercus palustris
Asclepias exaltata
Geum triflorum
Liatris pycnostachya
Drymocallis arguta
Coreopsis palmata
Silphium terebinthinaceum
Sporobolus heterolepis
Arnoglossum plantagineum
Asclepias sullivantii
Echinacea purpurea
Eutrochium purpureum
Asclepias purpurascens
Dalea purpurea
Helenuim flexuosum
Trillium recurvatum
Antennaria plantaginifolia
Eryngium yuccifolium
Juniperus virginiana
Cercis canadensis
Betula nigra
Silphium integrifolium
Liatris aspera
Coreopsis lanceolata
Sassafras albidum
Helianthus grosseserratus
Polygala senega
Amelanchier arborea
Mimulus ringens
Hepatica acutiloba
Dodecatheon meadia
Solidago speciosa
Desmodium canadense
Bouteloua curtipendula
Symphyotrichum sericeum
Symplocarpus foetidus
Symphyotrichum laeve
Polygonatum commutatum
Lindera benzoin
Tradescantia sp.
Lobelia spicata
Eutrochium maculatum
Impatiens capensis
Cardamine bulbosa
Smilacina stellata
Oligoneuron rigidum
Rhus sp.
Asclepias incarnata
Hibiscus moscheutos
Quercus bicolor
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Panicum virgatum
Eupatorium altissimum
Dentaria laciniata
Liriodendron tulipifera
Liparis liliifolia
Jeffersonia diphylla
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Euonymus atropurpureus
Nelumbo lutea
Helianthus occidentalis
Dalea candida
Baptisia alba
Monarda fistulosa
Iris shrevei
Geranium maculatum
Asarum canadense
Camassia scilloides
Ruellia humilissia
Parthenium integrifolium
Senna hebecarpa
Chelone glabra
Uvularia grandiflora
Erythronium americanum
Gentiana alba
Nuphar advena
Helenium autumnale