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  1. Illinois DNR
  2. Education

For Your Garden - January 2014

Listen to the podcast of this information.

Have you been meaning to add a few native plants to your garden? Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.

 FYGJan2014.jpg
prairie Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)
Photo © 2013, River Valley Photographic Resources, Ltd., rvprltd.com
 
Prairie Indian plantain grows throughout Illinois in wet prairies and near marshes and bogs. This plant of the daisy family produces flowers in flat-topped clusters at the tip of the stems. Flowers are white and appear from June through August. Leaves may be eight inches long and four inches wide. The leaves are oval and show several large, parallel veins. The plant can grow from two to four feet tall.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Native Plant Information

For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.
 
  • Prairie Establishment and Landscaping
  • Landscaping for Wildlife
  • Butterfly Gardens