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  1. Illinois DNR
  2. Education

For Your Garden - December 2015

 Listen to a podcast of this information.

​Native plants provide beauty as well as food and shelter for wildlife. Native species are adapted to the Illinois climate. They require little or no watering and are resistant to drought, insects and most diseases. Because they are perennials, you can welcome their presence year after year.

 FYGDec2015.jpg
pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)
Photo © Lance Merry, www.lancemerry.com
 
Pickerelweed grows in muddy, wet areas and shallow water throughout the state except the east central counties. The leaves are dark green, shaped somewhat like an arrowhead and, if growing in water, emerge from the water. Flowers are produced from May through September. The flowers are dark blue to purple and clustered in a spike at the tip of a stalk. This plant may grow from one to four feet tall.
 
Classification and taxonomy are based on Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 2014. Vascular flora of Illinois: A field guide. Fourth edition. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 536 pp.

Native Plant Information

For more information about native Illinois plants, including where to purchase them and planting guides, view the following publications at our publications page. You can access more information on the Schoolyard Habitat Action Grant page, too.
 
  • Prairie Establishment and Landscaping
  • Landscaping for Wildlife
  • Butterfly Gardens