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Learn Big Words 


The following words are in alphabetical order.

barred (bard) - in birds, feathers with alternating bands of color.  “The barred owl has bands
of brown and white feathers.”

bioluminescence (bi-o-LOO-mi-nes-ens) - light produced by living things.  “Fireflies and
some mushrooms produce light through the process of bioluminescence.”

calling (KALL-ing) - sounds produced by animals as a means to “talk” to each other.
“Male frogs call in the spring to attract female frogs to water for breeding.”

camouflage (CAM-uh-flaj) – coloration or behaviors that allow an organism to blend in with its
surroundings.  “The walkingstick’s camouflage made it hard for us to find it on the shrub.”

cocoon (kuh-COON) - a case spun by an insect larva to cover and protect it in the
pupa stage (as it changes from larva to adult).  “We found a cocoon in the leaves and
watched it for a few weeks. One day, a luna moth emerged from it.”

nocturnal (nock-TUR-nall) – active mainly at night.  “The southern flying squirrel is a
nocturnal species.”

nomenclature (NO-men-clay-chur) – naming rules for science.  “Using scientific nomenclature,
the teacher identified the fish that we saw on our field trip.”

(nimf) – an immature form that resembles an adult but does not have wings.
“The cicada nymph lived in the soil for 17 years.”

scale (skale) - a small, hard covering on the outside of an animal to provide protection. 
“The armadillo’s scales help to protect its skin.”

vernal (VER-null) – appearing in, occurring in or pertaining to spring.  “We helped build
vernal pools in the woodlands during our spring break.”